Do cats and dogs have color vision? The Truth, as Exposed by Veterinarians

"Dogs and cats can see in color; however, it is with a decreased spectrum of colors," explains Dr. Jennifer Freeman, DVM, PetSmart's resident veterinarian and pet care expert.

 However, Dr. Baldwin claims that the cones in the eyes of canines and felines (who are classified as dichromats since they can only see in two hues) also allow them to see green, gray, black, and white.

The tapetum, a reflecting layer below the retina, improves light and allows dogs and cats to maintain great night vision.

"Additionally, dogs and cats have more rods in their retina, which help them see better in the dark, as well

As a point of reference, humans can see a broad variety of colors because we have three kinds of cones, making us trichromats. Dr. Baldwin calls the keen

Dr. Freeman says that, surprisingly, many of our beloved dogs still have a harder time seeing vast distances because they are nearsighted relative to us.

eyesight of canines and felines, which helps them track the movements of prey during hunting, "limited fine detail vision" because of their superior color vision and night vision.

What's more? Because of how their eyes are built, canines and felines are less affected by contrast.